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Aug 31, 2014

Learning Chemistry

Posted By Snow at 8/31/2014
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

والسماء رفعها ووضع الميزان
And the heaven He raised and imposed the balance. [Quran 55:7]

... ونضع الموازين القسط ليوم القيامة
And We (shall) place the scales of justice on the Day of Resurrection... [Partial Quran 21:47]


This is an atom. In its center, there is a [1] nucleus, surrounded by [2] electrons. Inside the nucleus there are neutrons & protons, and further inside there are sub atomic particles like quarks... [subatoms | Q10:61] Anyway, the protons inside the nucleus have a positive charge (+), while the electrons have a negative charge (—). When the number of protons equals the number of electrons, the charges balance.


Nucleur Fusion

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

وما أدراك ما الطارق النجم الثاقب
And what will make you to know what At-Tariq is? (It is) the star of piercing brightness. [Quran 86:2-3]

Tarq طرق means "knock, pound". Is At-Tariq الطارق "the pounding", referring to the smashing & fusing of atoms inside stars?

The first atomic element was created when the universe began. It is the simplest,  1  hydrogen. Hydrogen is numbered 1, which means it has 1 proton & 1 electron. Then gravity pulls the hydrogen atoms together into clumps. As more time passed, the clumps grew in size & pressure — until the atoms move so fast it start to smash & fuse their nucleus. This is called nuclear fusion.

Nuclear fusion created the second & third elements —  2  helium &  3  lithium. It also turned mass into light, so let there be light, the clumps burn as bright flaming stars! ماشاء الله Inside the stars, the nuclear fusion continues, smashing & fusing, forming more & more elements.


Periodic Table Elements


After the stars cooked up the elements in the periodic table [ref], we have all kinds of atoms.
For starters, these are atoms with elements number 1 - 18, with the protons numbered.


Bonding

As you can see, atoms have shells around their nucleus. Atoms seek to have full shells, as it makes them stable (less reactive to other atoms).

For atoms with the atomic number 1-18, full shells means the 2-8-8 rule:
· shell 1 has 2 electrons
· shell 2 has 8 electrons
· shell 3 has 8 electrons

Atoms can give or share its electrons with other atoms, to make full shells.
Example 1: Give

The  9  fluorine atom can't make a full second shell bcoz it's missing an electron.  11  Sodium has an extra electron.

When sodium gives this electron to flourine, it becomes positively charged (more protons). When flourine receives this electron, it becomes negatively charged (more electrons). The opposite charges attracts & bond them. This is an ionic bond. [electromagnetic]

Example 2: Share

The   8  oxygen atom need 2 electrons to make a full second shell. When it meets another oxygen atom, both of them have the same electrons so no one wants to give. But they can share. Atom1 shares 2 electrons & Atom2 shares 2 electrons. This is a covalent bond.

Snowflake diagram is here

OK. So I tried figuring how 2 hydrogen & 1 oxygen atoms bond to become water molecules. Is this right? So, when we have H2O, we have water. Then water & other elements bond to make up our human body. خلق من الماء بشرا [Q25:54]


I also tried figuring how the same carbon atom make two opposite stones - diamond & graphite. Even when both are pure carbon, it is their structure which makes them different. I hope I get the structure right. (◠v◠)'




Then hydrogen - carbon (hydro carbon), then with oxygen and more elements

So that's how atoms build the universe, by bonding & interacting with each other... ماشاء الله


Fundamental Forces

Atoms interaction is governed by 4 fundamental forces:


 1  Electromagnetic
It attracts or repulse electrically charged matter, causing electric or magnetic effects.
 2  Strong
It holds the positive nucleus together, so it basically attracts.
 3  Weak
It ejects sub atoms from the nucleus, causing radioactive decay.
 4  Gravity
It attracts matter
by their mass.

surrender

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

سبح اسم ربك الأعلى
الذي خلق فسوى والذي قدر فهدى
والذي أخرج المرعى فجعله غثاء أحوى
Glorify the Name of your Lord, the Most High. Who has created (everything), and then proportioned it. And Who has measured (destined) and guided. And who brings out the pasture, and (then) makes it black stubble. [Holy Quran 87:1-5]

Well... when I was in school, I only passed chemistry once. (m - m) But I'm so curious. So this is figuring things out & making it easy... I hope I get this right. (◠v◠)' At least now I see that the universe is designed - there are measurements, balance & time in the atom. Everything in this universe is obedient to a Law.

Jabir ibn Hayyan wrote Kitab Al-Kimya in the 8th century & inspired the European Geber. [ref]
Dreaming of the past? Well... now we have Zara Salim Davidson. الحمد لله

I seek refuge in Allah SWT from errors.
Only Allah SWT Knows Best والله أعلم

..........................................................................................................................................................................................

7 comments on "Learning Chemistry"

Snow on Sep 2, 2014, 11:51:00 AM said...

So happy to be blessed with this discovery! \(◠v◠)/

"Are you in any way autistic..."
I still can't answer the exam questions (m-m) but I think I can see the visuals! الحمد لله

Snow on Nov 20, 2014, 2:04:00 PM said...

Yesterday, the japanese taught me about ice on fire. [methane hydrate] (◠o◠)
Can this explain the "boiling and intensely cold (drink)"? [Q38:57] والله أعلم

Snow on Dec 11, 2014, 11:46:00 AM said...

Glowing blood. How? Luminol. [ref]

The luminol mixture:
. carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen (C8H7O3N3)
. hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)
. hydroxide (OH-) and other chemicals

When this luminol mixture meets blood (particularly the hemoglobin which carries oxygen), a reaction happens where electrons in the oxygen atoms are boosted to higher orbitals, then quickly fall back to a lower energy level — the extra energy is emitted as light. Iron in the hemoglobin accelerates this reaction, so the light is bright enough to see in a dark room.

This reaction is known as chemiluminescence, which is what happens in fireflies.
So, can the blood glows from inside the human body as well? & it's the iron.. ماشاء الله

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
..the believing men and believing women, their light proceeding before them and on their right hand..
[Q57:12]

And press your (right) hand to your (left) side, it will come forth white.. [Q20:22]

Snow on Dec 11, 2014, 12:06:00 PM said...

The dynamo. It converts mechanical rotation into electrical energy by electromagnetism. How? When one magnet rotates inside the magnetic field of another magnet, this moves electrons between the atoms — producing electrical flow. [ref1, ref2, video]

So. Is this flow the chakra (disc, wheel)? (◠oo◠)

Earth's Geodynamo
At the heart of the planet, hot iron rises within the outer core, then cools and sinks. This convection combined with the Earth's rotation are thought to generate a geodynamo. This geodynamo powers the magnetic field, which protects Earth from solar wind. [ref | pic1, pic2] It is also used by animals (e.g. birds) for its navigational compass. [ref] ماشاء الله

Human Biodynamo
In the human heart, iron carries oxygen in the blood [ref] & sends it throughout the body before returning to the heart. So, does this generate a biodynamo in humans — powering a magnetic shield which protects us, and becomes our compass? والله أعلم

Snow on Mar 9, 2015, 12:23:00 PM said...

Salt Water

Salt is sodium chloride (NaCl) shaped in cubic crystal. When mixed in water (H2O) - the water ions are attracted to the salt ions - that when the water's attraction is strong enough, it releases the salt's individual ions: [photo | ref]
→ Na+ is surrounded by a shell of water
→ Cl- is surrounded by a shell of water

This dissolves the salt in water. The shell of water is the "solvation (or hydration) shell". [ref]
Then if the salt water is boiled, the water will evaporate leaving behind solid salt. [ref]

Salt In Our Body (Electrolyte)

"The sodium and chlorine in salt are electrolytes, minerals that conduct electricity in our fluids and tissues. Our kidneys maintain the balance of electrolytes and water by regulating the fluids that we take in and pass out of our bodies. If this balance is disturbed, our muscles, nerves and organs won't function correctly because the cells can't generate muscle contractions and nerve impulses." [ref1 | ref2] Will this explain our body energy? ماشاء الله

Burning Salt Water

John Kanzius' radio frequency generator (RFG) is a machine that generates radio waves - when focused into a concentrated area it heats it. Tested on salt water - the RFG releases the hydrogen and ignited the salt water. [ref | photo] (◠o◠) I keep seeing water burn... والله أعلم

Oh. No - I dunno if it's like how the soul separates from the body. (m-m) والله أعلم

Snow on Mar 9, 2015, 3:37:00 PM said...

It's called salvation err solvation. Watching IsaacsTeach. .:(◠v◠):.

Snow on Mar 9, 2015, 4:21:00 PM said...

Chemistry should be taught with yummy food. [bake it | eat it] (◠9◠)


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