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Nov 1, 2017

Suri

Posted By Snow at 11/01/2017
 1  The ancestry of Malay sultans



 2  The map of Malay states and its neighbors
Macedon in the 4th century BC dawns the Hellenistic Era 1




 3  The Malay history from 3rd to 15th century
alongside events which shapes the world

3rd – 5th century
Langkasuka


A large scale iron smelting industry existed in Lembah Bujang, Langkasuka. | ref
5th century
Kalathana Federation


Independance of Kalathana Federation from Funan. It included 4 states – Kalathana (Kelantan), Thanathana (Terengganu), Gangga Negara 2 (Perak), and Kuli (Pahang). In 427, it included Langkasuka.
6th century
Tanah Merah


Kalathana was renamed Tanah Merah (Chih Tu 赤土). 3

In 591, its ruler Gautama stepped down to spread Buddhism.
Roman – Persian Era
7th century
Srivijaya


Tanah Merah expanded its empire to Palembang and renamed Srivijaya.

Palembang became a centre of Buddhism. Yijing (義淨) translated Sanskrit scriptures into Chinese and brought back translated Buddhist texts to China in 695.
8th – 10th century
Prosperity


In 718, Sri Indravarman sent a letter to the Umayyad Caliph Umar bin Abdul Aziz requesting a scholar to teach Islam.

In 792, Srivijaya united with Sailendra. In 903, Ibn Rustah noted its prosperity. The people reached as far as Madagascar.
11th – 14th century
Fall, Singapura


In 1025, Srivijaya was attacked by the Chola Empire and Sangrama was captured. In 1028, his son Sri Deva succeeded him.

In 1299, Nila Utama, a descendant of Srivijaya royals founded Singapura.
Prophet Muhammad
Ar Rashidun
Umayyad
Islam Golden Age
8th Abbasid ☆ Baitul Hikmah
9th Samanid ☆ Bukhara
10th Umayyad ☆ Andalus
Islam Golden Age
11th Kara Khanid, Seljuk
11th Su Fei Erh, Hui (回族) 4
13th Mongol, Mamluk
9th – 14th century
North Sumatra


Islam was embraced through friendships and marriages with Arabs, Persians, Indians who came by the sea route. | ref

In 840, the Perlak Sultanate was established. In 1345, Ibn Batutta noted the Samudera Pasai ruler was a Muslim.
12th – 14th century
North Peninsula


In 1136, Mudzaffar Shah I embraced Islam and became the first Sultan of Kedah.

The Batu Bersurat of Terengganu dated 1303 shows the advent of Islam and the Jawi script.
15th century
Melaka


In 1400, Iskandar Shah embraced Islam and became the first Sultan of Melaka. Then under Mansur Shah, Melaka became a centre of scholarship and Islam. | ref

Zheng He's (郑和) 5 armada safeguards the region under the Ming (明) Dynasty. | ref
Islam Golden Age
13th Mongol, Mamluk
Islam Golden Age
13th Mongol, Mamluk
15th Ottoman
15th Spain ☆ Renaissance

[1] Alexander spread cities (póli : पुर pur) across Asia
[2] Gangga Negara seems like Ganganagar | Himalayas
      and छुरी Cura Si Manjakini seems like Mandakini River
赤土 means "red earth" | laterite [3]
回纥 refers to Uyghurs | DNA R1 [4]
Zheng He roots from Bukhara [5]




bazaar παζάρι
بازار बाजार pasar
body بدن
बदन badan
current קרן
किरण kirana
duo δύο
دو दो dua
fairy پری
परी pari
genus γένος
جنس jenis
hero ήρωας
वीर wira
κεφάλι کله
कपाल kepala
κουτί قوطی
चौखटा kotak
heart
हृदय hati
lamp λάμπα
لامپا लैंप lampu
mega μέγας
mega
mind
मन minda
man אנוש ناس
मनुष्य manusia
marble μάρμαρο
مرمر मरमर marmar
name όνομα
نام नाम nama
paradise παράδεισος
परदेश persada
prime परम
param(eswara)
same
साम्य sama
sandals σανδάλια
صندل सैंडल sandal
sir κύριε
سر श्री sri
star αστέρι
ستاره तारा sitara
tea τσάι
چای चाय teh
typhoon τυφώνας
طوفان तूफान taufan
venus
वनिता wanita

words


Regarding Israel and the Third Temple
Ben Joseph Ben David Tabut
והנעותי בכל הגוים את בית ישראל The End

φίλος philos . فلسطين Palestine Land Of Friends
 有自远方来不亦乐乎

.........................................................................................................................................................................................

4 comments on "Suri"

Snow on Dec 20, 2017, 4:05:00 PM said...

It seems Nazrin Shah is from Alexander الکساندر ☆ Dzulqarnain
So is the sword Cura Si Manjakini of Damascus Steelphoto

Snow on Feb 5, 2018, 12:44:00 PM said...

3rd – 5th century : Kedah

A large scale iron smelting industry existed in Lembah Bujang, Kedah.

5th century : Kalathana

Bhadreswararaja led the independence of the Kalathana Federation, which included 4 states – Kalathana (Kelantan), Thanathana (Terengganu), Gangga Negara (Perak), and Kuli (Pahang) from the Funan Empire. In 427, it expanded to Langkasuka. Through diplomatic relations, China protected it in 430.

6th century : Tanah Merah

Gautama renamed Kalathana to Tanah Merah (Chih Tu 赤土). In 589, he sent an envoy to the Sui Dynasty of China. In 591, he stepped down to spread Buddhism, and was succeeded by his son Sri Jaya.

7th – 14th century : Srivijaya

Gautama's great grandson, Sri Jayanasa expanded the empire to Palembang and renamed it Srivijaya. Palembang became a centre of Buddhism; where Yijing translated Sanskrit scriptures into Chinese, bringing back some 400 translated Buddhist texts to China in 695.

In 718, Sri Indravarman sent a letter to the Umayyad Caliph Umar bin Abdul Aziz requesting a scholar to teach Islam.

In 792, Srivijaya united with Sailendra when Sri Dharmasetu's son in law, Samaratungga succeeded him. In 903, Ibn Rustah noted the prosperity of Srivijaya. Its influence led to migrations as far as Madagascar. But in 1025, Srivijaya was attacked by the Chola Empire and Sangrama Vijayatunggavarman was captured. In 1028, his son Sri Deva succeeded him.

In 1299, Nila Utama, a descendant of Srivijaya royals founded Singapura.

9th – 15th century : Sultanates

One of the earliest states to receive Islam is the Perlak Sultanate in 840, through mixed marriages with Arabs and Persians. In 1292, Marco Polo noted there were Chinese and Persian Muslims living there. In 1345, Ibn Batutta noted the ruler of Samudera Pasai was a pious Muslim. These states are in North Sumatra.

In neighboring Kedah, Mudzaffar Shah I embraced Islam in 1136 and became the first Sultan of Kedah. The Batu Bersurat of Terengganu dated 1303 and written in Jawi Arabic script, is evidence of the advent of Islam in North Peninsula. In the 15th century, Iskandar Shah embraced Islam as well and became the first Sultan of Melaka.

Snow on Feb 5, 2018, 12:45:00 PM said...

7th – 10th century : Tang Dynasty

China met the Abbasid when Emperor Suzong (756 – 762) faced the An Lushan Rebellion. He requested aid from Caliph Al-Mansur (754 – 775), in which the Arab contingent settled in China. Al-Mansur was also the Abbasid caliph who founded a palace library which became the House of Wisdom in Baghdad, famed for scholars e.g. Khawarizmi. Arabs and Persian traders too arrived in China through the Silk Road and the sea port of Zaitun (Quanzhou).

10th – 13th century: Song Dynasty

Emperor Shen Tsung (1067 – 1085) faced the Liao Empire and invited men from Bukhara to settle in China. At the time Bukhara was the capital of the KaraKhanid Empire (1000 –1200), which under the previous Samanid empire had revived Persian culture to rival Baghdad for its scholars e.g. Avicenna. They were led by a Bukharan Emir Su Fei Erh, who played a big role in forming the Hui people. They eventually settled between Kaifeng and Yenching (Beijing). Through the sea route, Arab merchants also settled in Hangzhou.

13th – 14th century : Yuan Dynasty

When the Mongols came, the Abbasid fell in Baghdad in which the House of Wisdom was destroyed; and Shams Al-Din (Sai Dian Chi), the son of the Sultan of Bukhara became a prisoner in Peking. But Shams Al-Din was later appointed as Governor in Yunan in 1274.

Through the sea route, Marco Polo accompanied the Mongols in 1292 and noted muslim Chinese and Persians in North Sumatra. In 1345, Ibn Battuta visited North Sumatra and noted its Muslim ruler; as well as Quanzhou and Hangzhou where he noted its Muslim quarter. He presented gifts to Togon Temür (1333 – 1370).

14th – 17th century : Ming Dynasty

Muslims flourished in China, where Nanjing became a center of Islamic learning. Emperor Hongwu (1368 – 1398) himself decreed the building of mosques throughout China and wrote the 100 word praise of Islam.

They appointed Admiral Zheng He (1405 – 1433) who maintained peace which helped the spread of Islam in Nusantara. Shi Jinqing (1407 — 1421) was also appointed chief in Palembang after he helped defeat the pirates with Admiral Zheng He; he was a Muslim whose ancestors were Hui people from Hangzhou. When Sultan Mansur Shah (1459 – 1477) of Melaka married Hang Li Po, her entourage settled at Bukit Cina.

Sultan Mansur Shah too promoted scholarship and translation efforts. In China, the Zij زيج astronomical book was translated as Huihui Lifa 回回歷法. ☆ Wish

I seek refuge in Allah SWT from errors
Only Allah SWT Knows Best والله أعلم

Snow on Feb 5, 2018, 12:46:00 PM said...

REPOST Total solar eclipse on 9th March 2016 | ref | path الحمد لله

It begins in the Indian Ocean, across parts of Indonesia (Sumatra, Kalimantan and Sulawesi) & ends in the northern Pacific Ocean. The first city to see it is Palembang, the Venice of Sumatra. Interestingly the eclipse also coincided with MH370 ❀ الله يرحمهم


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